Diverticulosis is a condition in which one or more sac-like formations push outward on the inner wall of the colon. These formations, called diverticula (“diverticulum” in the singular), most commonly appear in the weak areas of the intestine’s outer lining. They are commonly found in the sigmoid colon, or the “S-shaped” final curve of the large intestine near the rectum. When these diverticula cause inflammation or tearing, the condition becomes diverticulitis.

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